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Normal Thing for Your Piggies (Cierra & Babies)

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Normal Thing for Your Piggies (Cierra & Babies)

Post  Admin on Fri Mar 13, 2009 2:11 am

*See bottom of post for author & source*

Heres a list of things that are good, and things you need to be on the look out for.

Eyes- Color- Cavies can have either Dark, Red, or Ruby colored eyes. Dark eyes are mostly called blue, brown, or black. If your piggies eyes are healthy, they will reflect red when light is cast on the eyes. If it comes white, your piggy might be blind.

Look out for- Crusty eyes,Watery eyes, Cloudy eyes, Receding eyes, or Protruding eyes. If they have any of the above they might have an Upper Respiratory Infection (URI), Abscess, Injury (I.E. a hay strand poked them in the eye), a Tooth Problem, Dehydration/Illness, Diabetes (yes, they can get that too), or Cataracts. If they have any symptoms, see a vet.

Teeth- cavies have 20 pairs of teeth including a pair of upper and lower incisors, a pair of upper and lower premolars and three pairs of upper and lower molars. They have no canines. Guinea pigs teeth are open rooted and grow constantly. In a healthy guinea pig, the biting, chewing and grinding of food (especially hays, grasses, and abrasive foods) will normally keep the teeth at the proper length -- a length which varies somewhat from one guinea pig to another. In other words, they need constant hay to ensure healthy teeth as well as Vit. C to keep their teeth healthy and strong.

When a vet visit is required- Observe any changes in how your guinea pig eats food. Examine their teeth regularly (about once a week or so) for breaks or wearing down. Please be sure to weigh them! If their weight changes more than 3 oz, take them in immediately! If anything in your piggies mouth doesn't seem right, it could be a problem and must be checked!

Feet- Ok, one thing we all can agree on is that piggy feet are adorable, but things can go wrong. First of all, guinea pig nails need to be trimmed regularly. If you dont trust yourself to do it, your vet will most likely trim them for you. Young pigs tend to have sharp nails, while "elders" tend to have dull nails. Dont worry too much if your piggies nails slump to a side. Its ok. Some nails grow straight and some curve, which is fine. As long as the nail is short, there is nothing to worry about.

Feet Problems-

Polydactyly, or having an extra toe, can snag or tear, and put your little angel in alot of pain. If your baby has an extra toe, see a vet and get it removed. The vet will simply tie a tight piece of string around it, cut off circulation, and surgically remove it. Your piggy will be fine there after.

Torn Nails--when a nail gets stuck in something and the nail tears completely off. If it bleeds alot, styptic powder will help, dab the little toe in the powder, it will help to clot the blood. It may take a month for it to grow back all the way. So dont get too worried if it seems like forever until it grows back.

Spurs--these are tough pieces of skin that stick up from there feet, like a hangnail. It doesn't have anything to do with the bedding you use, it has to do with how active they are. The more active, the bigger chance they will have spurs. Spurs also involve genetics. Spurs should be cleaned with a diluted solution of povidone-iodine. The poorer your cage, the more chance they will develop an infection. So keep your cage clean! Spurs can be carefully removed with a human nail clipper to prevent accidental tearing. Avoid clipping too closely and causing bleeding.

Nose- the nose should be clear, not draining. Snotty noses and frequent sneezing can be a sign of a bacterial infection. Fungal infections often start on the face. Cheilitis is an inflammation of the lips that sometimes spreads toward the nose. It could be a URI, Fungus, or Cheilitis. See a Vet.

Ears- they should be clean, not really dirty. If the ears are dirty, it is a sign of fungus, and your pig must see a vet. If you feel you need to clean your pigs ears, use a clean Q-tip, and only swab the outside, not the ear canal. Leave the canal for the vet. If you are afraid to clean with a q-tip, take the edge of a wet towel and gently wipe the inner ear. For more information, please visit our How To's section and view the bathing video.

Fur and Skin- Healthy looking fur and skin. A modest amount of shedding is normal. No lumps (may be abscesses), scabs (could be fighting or mites), dandruff, or hair loss (also mites). See a vet.

The most important thing your piggy needs-- Your piggy needs some good old fashion love! Holding, petting, giving him/her a big old kiss. They need to feel loved. These things are serious, and must be treated as such. Your piggies are relying on you to take good care of them. Make them proud to say you were their mommy or daddy!

Some pictures of the normals.

Thanks to my models Nugget for her healthy feet and Star for her not so healthy feet.

Feet:
Front

Back

Bad back feet (try to ignore my turtle shirt)


Eyes:


Teeth:


Eyes and Teeth photo's courtesy of Guinealynx.com

WRITTEN BY - Cierra & Babies
SOURCE - Cavy Galore Forums
http://www.cavygalore.proboards.com/index.cgi?board=information

Admin
Admin

Number of posts : 357
Registration date : 2009-03-10

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